The Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, also known as the Gita, is a 700-verse Hindu scripture. It is part of the epic Mahabharata and dates back to the second half of the first millennium BCE. It is typical of the Hindu synthesis. It is considered one of the most sacred scriptures for Hinduism.
The Gita takes place in a narrative structure of dialogue between Pandava Prince Arjuna, and his guide and charioteer Krishna. This is the Personality Of the Godhead. Arjuna, who is preoccupied with a moral dilemma at the beginning of the Dharma Yuddha, the righteous war between Pandavas and Kauravas (righteous warfare), seeks Krishna's advice, whose answers from the Bhagavadgita. Krishna advises Arjuna that he should "fulfill his Kshatriya(warrior) duty of upholding the Dharma" by "selfless action." The Krishna-Arjuna dialogs touch on a wide range of spiritual topics and issues, including philosophical questions and ethical dilemmas that transcend the war Arjuna is currently facing.
Many commentaries have been written about the Bhagavadgita, with many different views on the essentials. Some believe that the Bhagavad Gita was composed by the god Ganesha as told by Vyasa. Vedanta commentators have interpreted the text in a variety of ways. Advaita Vedanta views the non-dualism between Atman (Self), and Brahman ("universal Self") as the essence. Vishishtadvaita and Vishishtadvaita view Atman and Brahman to be distinct and not different. Dvaita Vedanta, on the other hand, sees the dualism between Atman (Self), and Brahman. The Gita being displayed on a battlefield is an allegory of the moral and ethical struggles that human life faces.